This protocol has been developed by the Office of Animal Resources (OAR) and Environmental Health & Safety (EHS) for use of recombinant DNA and/or biological organisms in rodents, when assigned to Animal Biosafety Level 2a (ABSL2a).
Research Staff and OAR Personnel
- In advance, contact the facility supervisor to arrange for appropriate housing of the animals after exposure.
- Animals that will not be exposed to the agent (e.g., control animals) must not be housed in OAR’s animal biocontainment room.
- Transporting live animals outside of the biocontainment room should not be done unless approved by an OAR veterinarian. Barrier housed animals cannot leave the OAR housing facility. Following prior approval by OAR veterinary staff, a procedure room within the barrier facility may be used. The following procedure must be used when transporting animals outside of the ABSL2a room:
Retrieving animals from the OAR biocontainment housing room:
- Animals are placed in clean cage(s) and dirty caging is left in the room for routine husbandry sanitation.
- Cages are wrapped completely in a disposable drape; drape needs to be secured around the cage with tape.
- Cages are transported on a cart; the cart should not be brought into the ABSL2a room when retrieving the animals.
Moving animals to the OAR biocontainment housing room:
- If animals were anesthetized, they should be monitored and not transported until they have recovered.
- Cages are wrapped completely in a disposable drape & secured with tape.
- Cages are transported to the OAR ABSL2a housing room on a cart; the cart should not be brought into the ABSL2a room.
- Cages are placed on the ventilated rack.
- Proper personal protective equipment (PPE) must be worn when handling animals, cages or injecting agents. Required PPE is prominently posted on the entry doors to all animal biocontainment housing rooms.
- Soiled cages, with filter tops in place, must be returned to the biocontainment room, where all bedding and waste from animals exposed to recombinant DNA/infectious agents will be managed by OAR husbandry personnel.
- Cages, including bedding, food, feeder and filter top are autoclaved by OAR personnel prior to cage manipulation and washing.
- Animal carcasses/tissues will be handled by the investigator and must be double-bagged in plastic biohazard bags and staged for disposal by placing the bag(s) in "biohazard" labeled containers located within the walk-in coolers, refrigerators, or freezers of each animal facility.
- Access is limited to necessary personnel.
- Eating, drinking, smoking, and storing of food for human use are not permitted in any animal room.
- Personal protective equipment is available and must be worn by all personnel entering the biocontainment room. Remove PPE before leaving the animal room, discarding the PPE in the biohazard container in the room.
- Personnel must wash their hands before leaving the room or animal facility.
- A biohazard sign that includes the universal biohazard symbol, the biohazard agent presently in use in the room, and name and telephone number of the primary investigator/lab contact must be posted on the door.
- Cages must also bear the universal biohazard label, the biohazard agent being used, and date of administration.
- In the event an incident occurs that may result in an exposure to recombinant DNA/infectious materials (including animal bites), immediately notify your supervisor and EHS’s Biosafety Officer (5-9553).
Use of Agent
- Unless approved, the agent should not be administered in the room housing the animals.
- The agent should be manipulated within a biological safety cabinet.
- Work surfaces must be decontaminated after use and in the event of a spill.
- Procedures must be performed to minimize the creation of aerosols. Only needle-locking syringes or disposable syringe units (i.e., the needle is integral to the syringe) may be used for the injection or aspiration of infectious fluids. Following the procedure, the needle and syringe should be promptly placed in a puncture-resistant sharps container.
- All contaminated materials used by the investigator (needles, syringes, vials, gloves, etc.) must be properly disposed of in the appropriate biohazard containers, i.e., needles, syringes and vials placed in a sharps container, and gloves, etc. placed in the biohazard box/container. Biohazard containers are located in the animal rooms.
Use of Core Facilities with infected animals
- Whenever possible, animals are manipulated on the cart used to transport the animals to the facility (rather than “contaminating” table top surfaces or absorbable ‘chucks’ in the room).
- If necessary, dedicated ‘nose cones’ are used to administer gas anesthetic to maintain anesthetic level of the animal.
- When possible, anesthetized animals are placed on a single use disposable sheet on shared equipment (a black sheet is used for the IVIS).
- When the procedure/imaging is completed, animals are placed back into their cage and the filter top put back into place.
- The disposable sheet is sprayed down (until wet) with an appropriate disinfectant and placed in the biohazard waste receptacle in the facility.
- The equipment is disinfected with an appropriate disinfectant (includes inside of machines as well as the outside and handles/knobs).
- Nose cones, if used, are disinfected by soaking them in a closed container with appropriate disinfectant and stored in the investigator’s lab, not the core facility.
- All working surfaces in the room (e.g. table tops, plastic cover on computer keyboards, etc.) are disinfected with an appropriate disinfectant. If any absorbable ‘chuck(s)’ on table top surfaces are used or contaminated they will be decontaminated with an appropriate disinfectant, disposed of in the biohazard waste receptacle, and replaced with a clean ‘chuck’.
- Infectious rodents are housed in a Thoren unit or on a shelving rack with filter-top caging.
- Soiled bottles, feeders, filter tops, and cages with bedding must be placed in an autoclavable wrap for autoclaving prior to manipulating, washing and reuse.
Infected Animal Disposal
- If a deceased animal is found, OAR personnel will bag the carcass, place it in the cooler, and submit a dead in pen (DIP) slip for the animal. The PI and any staff with system access will receive an email from the OAR office or vet staff notifying them of the death.
- Carcasses are placed in a DIP bin in the cooler; bins are labeled with the day of the week which corresponds to the date on the automated email that PIs and staff receive once the DIP slip is processed. Carcasses are saved for at least 3 days’ post-death, longer over holidays.