The most important element of containment is strict adherence to standard microbiological practices and techniques. Persons working with biohazardous agents or materials must be aware of the potential hazards in addition to being trained and proficient in the techniques required for safe handling of the material. When standard laboratory practices are not sufficient to control the hazard(s) associated with a particular agent, additional measures may be needed.
Each laboratory should develop or adopt a biological safety plan that identifies the hazards that may be encountered and specifies practices and procedures designed to minimize or eliminate risk. Personnel should be advised of special hazards and should be required to follow the specified practices.
Safe practices and techniques must be supplemented by appropriate facility design, engineering features, safety equipment and management practices.